Cavalryman from Corinium

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Tombstone of Sextus Valerius Genialis, Corinium Museum © David Gill

The Corinium Museum contains a particularly find Roman tombstone of a Roman cavalryman, eq(u)es, Sextus Valerius Genialis. It was discovered at Watermoor towards the south-east corner of the (later) Roman town of Cirencester.

The relief shows Genialis riding over a fallen soldier, and aiming his lance downwards. In his left hand he has a hexagonal shield as well as what appears to be a military standard.

The tombstone is dated to the late 1st century or early 2nd century AD.

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Tombstone of Sextus Valerius Genialis, Corinium Museum © David Gill

The inscription (RIB 109) reads:

Sectus Valerius Genialis, trooper (eq(u)es) of the Cavalry Regiment of the Thracians, a Frisiavone tribesman, from the troop (turma) of Genialis, aged 40, of 20 years’ service, lies buried here. His heir set this up.

Genialis came from Gallia Belgica. The unit is known to have been in Britain as late as 124, but then transferred to the Rhine.

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Tombstone of Sextus Valerius Genialis, Corinium Museum © David Gill

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