Stuart Eborall Rigold (1919-1980) studied geology at St Andrews, and during WW2 worked at Bletchley Park. He continued his studies at St Peter’s Hall, Oxford, where he was recruited for the Ministry of Works (1948) working under Bryan O’Neil. He was Principal Inspector (1976-79).
The dovecot at Crossraguel Abbey is located in the south court. It was constructed in the 16th century and is claimed to be “one of Scotland’s oldest surviving dovecots”. Nesting boxes were built into the interior of the structure.
Sir Alfred (William) Clapham (1883-1950) was responsible for at least three guidebooks produced by the Ministry of Works. He was educated at Dulwich College and then worked on the Victoria History of the Counties of England (where (Sir) Charles Peers was architectural editor). In 1912 he joined the Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England). (For his life: ODNB.)
He was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1913, and served as its President from 1939 to 1944. He was knighted in 1944.
Clapham worked on at least three guides for the Ministry of Works, and all appeared posthumously.
They included the Augustinian Abbey at Thornton in Humberside (and originally Lincolnshire). This appeared in 1951, and from 1954 included a supplement on the monastic buildings by P.K. Baillie Reynolds. Clapham’s guide was published by English Heritage (1989), revised in 2010, and last reprinted in 2012.
Clapham published the 1952 guide to the Benedictine Abbey at Whitby. The abbey had been the subject of clearance and excavation by Peers during the 1920s after it came into State Guardianship. Peers and C.A. Ralegh Radford had published on the Anglo-Saxon origins of the abbey.
Clapham’s third guidebook was on St Augustine’s Abbey at Canterbury (1955). Like Whitby the abbey has Anglo-Saxon origins.
The Cistercian abbey at Strata Florida in mid-Wales lies at the foot of the Cambrian mountains. Professor David Austin of the University of Wales Trinity St Davids will be lecturing (‘Sacred landscapes and national identity’) on recent archaeological work at the site at the Society of Antiquaries.
However The Palace of Holyroodhouse: An Illustrated Guide with a Short History of the Palace and Abbey (1st ed. 1960; 3rd ed. 1963; Edinburgh HMSO) appeared alongside the more formal guide. This was priced at 1 shilling and 6 d. This illustrated guide was ‘Prepared for the Ministry of Public Buildings and Works by the Central Office of Information’. It starts with a simple guide to the rooms, each numbered with a black and white illustration and a short description (pp. 2-10, nos. 1-16). This is then followed by a Short History (printed on yellow paper) (pp. 11-26). There is a final set of photographs including Queen Elizabeth II at Holyroodhouse in her role as Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Scots Greys, and a small selection of the paintings in the collection (pp. 30-32). The guide itself is anonymous.
The Castle of Balvenie (1936), with Margaret E. Barbour Simpson
The Priory of Inchmahome (1937), with Margaret E. Barbour Simpson
Richardson’s work established a line of guidebooks for sites in guardianship in Scotland.
The preparation seems to have been prompted by Sir Charles Peers, the Chief Inspector. The continuing use of Richardson’s text in the present guidebooks (such as Dundrennan Abbey, Dryburgh Abbey) over nearly 80 years indicates the value of his description and analysis.
An illustrated guide to the Abbeys of England and Wales formed number 7 in the series (following no. 6 on Castles). The text was by R. Gilyard-Beer, formerly Assistant Chief Inspector of Ancient Monuments. The first edition appeared in 1959, and the second edition in 1976 (Department of the Environment). The guide has two main section: The Monks (covering the different orders) and The Buildings (looking at the elements of monastic buildings). There are comprehensive series of plans allowing the reader to understand the architectural parts of abbeys.
He also prepared a series of guidebooks for the Ministry of Works, MPBW, and the DOE:
Gisborough Priory, originally Yorkshire, subsequently Redcar and Cleveland (1935)
(with Rose Graham) Monk Bretton Priory, Yorkshire (1955)