Finchale Priory: Frater

IMG_2980

Finchale Priory © David Gill

The frater or refectory at Finchale Priory lies on the south side of the cloister. It dates to the early 14th century.

IMG_2978

Finchale Priory © David Gill

Access was via an arched doorway in the south-west corner of the cloister, with steps up to the frater.

IMG_2979

Finchale Priory © David Gill

Below the frater is a vaulted cellar.

IMG_2982

Finchale Priory © David Gill

Bury St Edmunds: Charnel House

IMG_0742The charnel house at Bury St Edmunds lay within the precinct of the abbey, just to the south of the west end. It lies in what is now the Great Cemetery. This structure was built by Abbot John Northwold (d. 1301) [see ODNB]. This was constructed to take the bones of the dead recovered from the construction of new graves.

Lindisfarne Priory: steps to the dorter

IMG_2173

Lindisfarne Priory © David Gill

The night stairs that led from the dorter to the church are located in the south transept.

IMG_2172

Lindisfarne Priory © David Gill

The day stairs were at the south end of the dorter building. The chapter house was probably on the ground floor.

IMG_2206

Lindisfarne Priory © David Gill

IMG_2208

Lindisfarne Priory © David Gill

Benedictine Abbeys in State Care

IMG_1257

Bury St Edmunds Abbey © David Gill

Battle Abbey, Sussex. The Abbey was founded on the site of William I’s victory at the battle of Hastings. It seems likely that it was founded at some point after 1070, and the choir of the new abbey was consecrated in 1076. The completed abbey was consecrated in February 1094. The first four monks came from the abbey of Marmoutier Abbey in the Loire. [EH]

Canterbury, St Augustine’s Abbey, Kent. The first abbey was established in 598 as part of Augustine’s mission to England. Abbot Scotland, a monk from Mont St Michel, was appointed in 1070. [EH]

Boxgrove Priory, West Sussex. Founded c. 1117 from abbey of Lessay in Normandy. [EH]

Westminster Abbey. The Pyx Chamber is in State Guardianship. [EH]

St_August_blue

1955 (12th impression 1977)

 

East Anglia

Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk. The monastery was the resting place of the body of king Edmund killed in 903. The Benedictine abbey was found in 1020. [EH]

Colchester, St John’s Abbey, Essex. The abbey was founded in 1095 to the south of the town. The 15th century gatehouse is in State Guardianship. [EH]

Isleham Priory, Cambridgeshire. The priory was founded c. 1100. The priory church is in State Guardianship. [EH]

Denny Abbey, Cambridgeshire. Founded in 1159, and passed to the Knights Templars in 1170. [EH]

Binham Priory, Norfolk. The priory was founded in 1091 from St Alban’s Abbey in Hertfordshire. [EH]

IMG_8593_Binham

Binham Priory, undercroft (with dorter above) and warming room beyond © David Gill

BSE_abbey_guide

The South-West

Muchelney Abbey, Somerset. [EH] [Historic England]

Abbotsbury Abbey, Dorset. The abbey was founded in 1044. [EH]

Wales

Ewenny Priory, Glamorgan. The Benedictine priory was founded by Maurice de Londres in 1141. It was founded from the abbey of St Peter in Gloucester that had links with the earlier church at Ewenny established 1116-26. [Cadw]

The North-East and Yorkshire

IMG_3091.JPG

Whitby Abbey © David Gill

Whitby Abbey, Yorkshire. The first monastery at Whitby was established by Abbess Hild in 657 at the prompting of king Oswy of Northumbria. The Synod of Whitby was held in 664. The monastery was probably destroyed during the Viking raids c. 867. In the years after the Norman conquest the monastery was established, probably c. 1078, by Reinfrid, from the Benedictine monastery of Evesham. The church was constructed c. 1090. [EH]

Jarrow Priory, Tyne and Wear. Founded from Durham between 1075-83. [EH]

IMG_2976

Finchale Priory © David Gill

Finchale Priory, Durham. The origins lie in the hermitage of St Godric that continued until 1196 when it became a priory linked to Durham Cathedral. [EH]

IMG_2139

Lindisfarne © David Gill

Lindisfarne Priory, Northumberland. The first monastery was founded in 635. It was destroyed by a Viking raid in 793. In 1069 St Cuthbert’s remains were brought to the island from Durham  to protect them during the Norman raids of the north. After 1083 Benedictine monks linked to Durham arrived at the older monastery site on Holy Island. The church was probably constructed from the 1120s. [EH]

sv_4_Newcastle_8271

Tynemouth Priory © David Gill

Tynemouth Priory, Tyne and Wear. The first monastery at Tynemouth was probably established in the late 8th century, part of the kingdom of Northumbria. It was important as the burial site of king Osred II of Northumbria. The monastery was probably destroyed in 875. A church on the site was destroyed during the early years of the Norman conquest, and the location given to the monks of Jarrow some time after 1074. A new church was built in 1083. Some after 1090 the monastery was given to the Benedictine abbey of St Albans in Hertfordshire by Robert de Mowbray, earl of Northumberland. [EH]

North-West

Wetheral Priory, Cumbria. founded in the early 12th century. [EH]

Scotland

Dunfermline Abbey, Fife. Founded c. 1070, perhaps as the earliest Benedictine community in Scotland. The abbey was established in 1128. [HES]

IMG_1786

Iona © David Gill

Iona Abbey. The Benedictine community was established in 1200. [HES]

 

 

Bury St Edmunds: The Abbey Church

IMG_1217

Bury St Edmunds © David Gill

IMG_1216

Bury St Edmunds, North Transept © David Gill

The Abbey Church was 154 m long. In the North Transept was St Martin’s Chapel and the Lady Chapel.

IMG_1239

Bury St Edmunds, South Transept © David Gill

IMG_1238

Bury St Edmunds, South Transept © David Gill

In the South Transept was the Chapel of St Nicholas.

IMG_1218

Bury St Edmunds, Crossing © David Gill

IMG_1219

Bury St Edmunds © David Gill

The crossing stood below the central tower with the choir stalls immediately to the west at the head of the nave. The nave was constructed during the time of Abbot Anselm (1119-1148).

IMG_1243

Bury St Edmunds © David Gill

IMG_1242

Bury St Edmunds, Nave © David Gill

To the east of the crossing lay the high altar and beneath it the crypt.

IMG_1257

Bury St Edmunds Abbey, looking east towards North Transept and Crossing © David Gill

Finchale Priory: dorter and reredorter

IMG_2985

Finchale Priory © David Gill

The dorter at Finchale Priory in Co. Durham is located on the east side of the cloister above the chapter house. It connected to the south transept of the church via a night stair. Sir Charles Peers suggested that the large room at the south end of the range ‘which in other monasteries served as a dayroom, is here too ill-lighted for such purpose, and at any rate in the later days of the priory can have been merely a storeroom’.

IMG_2984-Edit

Finchale Priory © David Gill

On the east side of the dorter was the reredorter.

IMG_2992

Finchale Priory © David Gill

IMG_2991-Edit2

Finchale Priory, reredorter © David Gill

Finchale Priory: children and heritage sites

IMG_3002-Edit

Finchale Priory © David Gill

The Benedictine priory of Finchale Priory in County Durham is situated in a bend of the river Wear.

There are two Ministry signs warning of the dangers to be found at a heritage site: one on the north side of the church, and the other at the first floor entrance to the hall.

IMG_2972

Finchale Priory © David Gill

The guidebook was written by Sir Charles Peers.