My study of Ministry Souvenir Guidebooks has appeared in the latest number of the Journal of Public Archaeology (2018).
The first formal guidebooks for historic sites placed in state guardianship in the United Kingdom appeared in 1917. There was an expansion of the series in the 1930s and 1950s. However from the late 1950s the Ministry of Works, and later the Ministry of Public Buildings and Works, started to produce an additional series of illustrated souvenir guides. One distinct group covered Royal Palaces: The Tower of London, Hampton Court Palace, Queen Victoria’s residence of Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, and Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. This was followed by guides for the archaeological sites such as Stonehenge and Avebury, the Neolithic flint mines at Grime’s Graves, the Roman villa at Lullingstone, and Hadrian’s Wall. In 1961 a series of guides, with covers designed by Kyffin Williams, was produced for the English castles constructed in North Wales and that now form part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of ‘Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd’. These illustrated guides, some with colour, prepared the way for the fully designed guides now produced by English Heritage, Cadw, and History Scotland.
‘The Ministry of Works and the Development of Souvenir Guides from 1955’, Public Archaeology (2018). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14655187.2017.1484584
Journal summary: furnace aims to provide an open and multidisciplinary journal relating to all aspects of international cultural heritage. Each biannual edition has a theme, specified on the website and in the call for papers. It is published and managed by postgraduate and doctoral students at the Ironbridge International Institute for Cultural Heritage, University of Birmingham.
Publisher: Ironbridge International Institute for Cultural Heritage (IIICH), University of Birmingham
Access: Open access
Journal type: Postgraduate and doctoral student academic peer-reviewed
Framlingham Castle, Towers 7-11 (from right to left) © David Gill
Framlingham Castle has seen a dramatic increase in the number of visitors during the last year. The latest figures show that 106,149 visitors explored the castle in 2017, an increase of 35.9%. It has been suggested that this was due to Ed Sheeran’s allusion through his ‘Castle on the Hill’.
Framlingham Castle © David Gill
However note that Ickworth, also in Suffolk, has seen an increase of more than 18,000 visitors (compare Framlingham with more than 28,000 visitors). Are we seeing an increase in visitors to Suffolk or has the music drawn in additional footfall?
© David Gill
Castlerigg Stone Circle © David Gill
The Lake District in north-west England was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2017 [UNESCO]. The listing notes, “a distinctive cultural landscape which is outstanding in its harmonious beauty, quality, integrity and on-going utility and its demonstration of human interaction with the environment”.
The Save the Lake District group wishes to protect this internationally recognised landscape from any further damage. The group is calling on the Lake District National Park to take steps to protect this fragile environment. The issue surrounds the use of the so-called ‘Green Roads‘.
The concerns are covered by the BBC: “Lake District authority ‘violating World Heritage status’“, BBC News 14 April 2018.
David Gill will be giving a lecture on ‘Austerity, heritage and tourism: UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Greece’ as part of the Edmund Lecture Series for 2017/18. The lecture will be in Suffolk House, Bury St Edmunds on Wednesday 18 April 2018 at 6.00 pm.
Tourism is a significant part of the Greek economy and an important counterbalance to austerity. There are 18 UNESCO cultural and two mixed World Heritage Sites (WHS) in Greece. They range from the Bronze Age site of Mycenae, through the Classical site of Olympia, to the Medieval City of Rhodes. These locations stand alongside a rich range of archaeological and heritage sites as well as museums that serve as a repository for the finds. This lecture will review the value of these UNESCO recognised sites as focal points for tourist activity. This overview will be presented against the wider visitor figures for other archaeological sites and museums in the care of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Sports. This information will be mapped onto the wider visitor data for Greece, and contributes to the discussion over the economic impact of World Heritage Sites for local economies as well as the wider economy of Greece. The lecture will explore the likely impact of Brexit on the Greek tourist economy, and opens a wider discussion of why the UK Government should value our own UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Dirleton Castle © David Gill
The figures for the Leading Visitor Attractions 2017 are now available. There are a number of sites in the care of Historic Environment Scotland:
- Edinburgh Castle : 2,063,709 [+16%]
- Stirling Castle : 567,259 [+18%]
- Urquhart Castle : 488,136 [+23%]
- Glasgow Cathedral : 389,101 [+36%]
- Skara Brae : 110,028 [+18%]
- St Andrews Castle : 90,617 [+18%]
- Linlithgow Palace : 86,596 [+16%]
- Fort George : 75,798 [+24%]
- Iona Abbey : 66,224 [+2%]
- Melrose Abbey : 58,989 [+11%]
- St Andrews Cathedral : 58,395 [+26%]
- Tantallon Castle : 49,955 [+17%]
- Blackness Castle : 42,810 [+42%]
- Caerlaverock Castle :38,540 [+8%]
- Elgin Cathedral : 38,201 [+25%]
- Craigmillar Castle : 31,269 [+35%]
- Dirleton Castle :30,219 [+8%]
- Dumbarton Castle : 27,033 [+12%]
- Jedburgh Abbey : 26,906 [+13%]
Fort George © David Gill
Glenfinnan © David Gill
The details of the Leading Visitor Attractions for 2017 are now available. The National Trust for Scotland locations are:
- Glenfinnan : 396,448 [+57.8%]
- Culzean Castle & Country Park : 244,930 [+11.6%]
- Inverewe Gardens : 191,951 [+109.6%]
- Culloden : 180,875 [+27.6%]
- Burns Birthplace Museum : 164,316 [+1.2%]
- Crathes Castle : 121,841 [+23.7%]
- Bannockburn : 55,347 [+7.9%]
- Falkland Palace : 50,726 [+15.1%]
- Drum Castle : 46,574 [-3%]
- Brodick Castle & Country Park : 44,361 [-38.1%]
- Pitmedden Garden : 43,045 [+17.9%]
- Hill House : 28,518 [+6.2%]
- Gladstones Land : 12,061 [-44.7%]
There are two notable changes: Glenfinnan has rocketed to the top of the NTS list, and Inverewe has risen from no. 181. Inverewe’s popularity is probably its situation on the designated Scottish coastal drive NC500.
Culloden © David Gill
NTS figures for: